Children with Special Educational Needs may need extra help because of a range of needs, such as in thinking and understanding, physical or sensory difficulties, emotional and behavioural difficulties, or difficulties with speech and language or how they relate to and behave with other people.
Many children will have Special Educational Needs of some kind at some time during their education. Schools and other organisations can help most children overcome the barriers their difficulties present quickly and easily, but a few children will need extra help for some or all of their time in school.
We have 67 primary and secondary schools, and a further 10 special schools or pupil referral units.
Information about all the schools and education services in the area is also available on the Peterborough Education Network website.
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Every school is required to identify and meet the learning needs of every child in their school, including those learners identified as having a special educational need or those with a disability.
‘Mainstream schools’ are maintained schools and academies (that are not special schools); maintained nursery schools 16 to 19 year old academies and Pupil Referral Units.
Mainstream schools must:
- Use their best endeavours to make sure that a child with SEN gets the support they need – this means doing everything they can to meet children and young people’s special educational needs
- Ensure that children and young people with SEN engage in the activities of the school alongside pupils who do not have SEN
- Designate a teacher to be responsible for co-ordinating SEN provision (the SEN co-ordinator, or SENCo)
- Inform parents when they are making special educational provision for a child
- Prepare an SEN information report and their arrangements for the admission of disabled children, the steps being taken to prevent disabled children from being treated less favourably than others, the facilities provided to enable access to the school for disabled children and their accessibility plan showing how they plan to improve access progressively over time
Information about individual school local offers
You can view a Google Map showing local authority maintained specialist hubs or schools in Peterborough
Peterborough special schools provide appropriate placements for children and young people with the most significant needs and who require a curriculum which is wrapped around them so that they can engage in learning.
There are overlaps between the provision of services in some of the Peterborough special schools to enable the right of parents to express a choice for a type of school (including a mainstream school).
Peterborough recognises the 'presumption' of mainstream outlined in the Code of Practice. However, for some children and young people the combination of their needs and current context suggests the appropriateness of a special school placement. In some cases this may be for a period of time or as a flexible joint placement arrangement.The panel will determine when a joint placement is appropriate and which school is the lead school, on whose roll the pupil will be placed.
The Local Authority is responsible for the decision to place a child or young person in a special school. A provision panel with a multi-professional membership considers individual children or young people with a statement or Education Health and Care Plan where a special school placement is requested and advises the Local Authority.
Children and young people who are successful in a specialist setting may return to a mainstream setting at any time, following appropriate review of their statement of SEN. However it is especially important to consider mainstream options at times of transition, e.g. transfer between primary and secondary phases.
Detailed guidance for making the decision about whether a child or young person would be appropriately placed in a particular special school is available by following this link Admissions Guidance for Peterborough Special Schools.
Arrangements for funding educational provision for pupils and students with high needs were introduced in 2013 for maintained schools and academies. Funding for all high needs pupils in mainstream schools and academies is broken down into 3 main elements.
- Element 1 - the basic entitlement
This is the basic amount funded to the school for each pupil and varies between primary and secondary schools.
- Element 2 - additional need funding
Part of the overall school budget is classified as the notional Special Educational Needs budget. It is from this budget that mainstream schools and academies are required to put in place support for all children with SEN and to contribute the first £6,000 (equivalent to approximately 11.8 hours teaching assistant time per week).
- Element 3 - top up funding
Where the cost of additional support is more than £6,000, the council will provide funding from their high needs block. The level of need is agreed by the Special Educational Needs and Disabilities panel and funding is provided to the school for that pupil.
Although academies receive their main funding directly from the Education Funding Agency, the top-up funding (element 3) is still the responsibility of the council.
Children and young people with high needs are those who need educational provision that costs more in total, including the provision given to all pupils, than about £10,000 per year. This threshold defines the level of need that would be expected to be met through mainstream funding and those for whom additional funding is required.
The Government produces a list each term of the approved independent special institutions who have specific duties to work with the council in relation to children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities.
- Children up to Year 11 - Travel assistance is not automatically given just because a child has a statement of special educational needs or an Education, Health and Care (EHC) Plan, and many children with special educational needs and disabilities travel to school without special provision. However, some children with specific needs will require additional support, often for an agreed period of time and in such cases we willarrange transport to meet the specific needs of the students. This might include various forms of transport including public transport, taxi, minibus, wheelchair accessible vehicle and bus/coach. See our school transport page for more information.
- Young people after Year 11 - As part of a young person's transition to adulthood, it is hoped that as many young people with special educational needs and disabilities will have started to travel independently by the time they reach college age. However, many young people will still require special provision or support for their travel as a result of their needs. In such cases we will arrange transport to meet the specific needs of the students, and this might include various forms of transport including public transport, taxi, minibus, wheelchair accessible vehicle and bus/coach. See our school transport page for more information.
Support will be available to young people who are being released from custody. On the day of release from custody, they will report to the Youth Offending Service office, where their educational needs will be reviewed, linking to any agreement made whilst the young person was serving a custodial sentence and ensuring agreed provisions are in place.
Support to engage with provision being offered will be given by either the Youth Offending Service case manager or the Youth Offending Service Education, Training and Employment Officer or both to maximise the young person’s opportunity and ability to engage with the education, training or employment provision offered. The level of support provided will depend on the young person’s assessed needs and wishes.
If parents or young people are unhappy about certain decisions made by the Local Authority, they have a right to appeal. This would include the following areas:
- not carrying out an EHC needs assessment
- not drawing up an EHC plan
- content of a final or amended EHC plan
- not to amend an EHC plan
- stopping an EHC plan
We want to make sure that Peterborough's Local Offer continues to develop to meet the needs of children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities, and their families To let us know your views please fill in our online feedback form.