Public Health England’s annual Health Profiles give a snapshot of the overall health of each local authority in England. The profiles present an important set of indicators relating to the wider determinants of health and health outcomes. The local value for each indicator is compared with the national average in order to highlight potential problem areas. The profiles are produced for use by elected Councillors, Directors of Public Health, Health and Wellbeing Boards and to inform Joint Strategic Needs Assessments.
The 2015 Health Profile summary for Peterborough & Cambridgeshire, and the key findings from the profile, as comprised by Public Health Analysts from Peterborough City Council and Cambridgeshire County Council, are available to download. A summary of the key findings is given below.
Improvements in Peterborough:
- In 2014, long term unemployment in Peterborough improved to similar to the England rate at a rate of 7.6 per 1,000 working age population, having been worse than England in 2013 and 2012.
- The percentage of obese children (year 6) improved to better than England in 2013/14 having been worse in 2012/13 and similar in the years 2006/07-2011/12.
- Recorded diabetes prevalence in Peterborough improved to similar to England in 2013/14, having been worse in 2012/13, 2011/12 and 2010/11.
- The 3 year suicide rate in Peterborough returned to statistically similar to the national average in 2011-13, having been worse in 2010-12.
- The 3 year rate of people killed and seriously injured on roads in Peterborough fell to similar to the England average in 2011-13, having been worse in 2010-12 and 2009-11.
Indicators where Peterborough is statistically worse than the England average
- Life expectancy for both men and women remains lower than the England average in Peterborough, although life expectancy has improved in the Local Authority in line with improvements observed nationally.
- The under 75 mortality rate from cardiovascular disease remains worse than the England average for 2013/14 and has been so since 2005-07.
- 34% of people in Peterborough live in the most deprived 20% of areas in England; this is significantly higher than the national average. The difference in deprivation between areas is a major determinant of health inequality in the United Kingdom.
- At 20.8%, the prevalence of smoking in Peterborough returned to being significantly higher than England (18.4) in 2013. This prevalence rate equates to almost 30,000 smokers aged 18 over in the Local Authority.
- The percentage of children under 16 living in poverty remained significantly higher in Peterborough than England in 2012.
- The rate of homelessness in Peterborough remained significantly worse than England in 2013/14, having been significantly higher every year since 2010/11.
- 50.0% of pupils in Peterborough achieved at least 5 A*-C GCSEs including English and Mathematics; nationally this figure is 56.8%.
- Peterborough continues to have a higher rate of incidences of tuberculosis than the England average and this rate has increased in Peterborough compared to England since 2007-09. Approximately 57 cases are diagnosed in the Local Authority each year.
- Peterborough continues to have a statistically significantly high under 18 conception rate; there were 120 conceptions in women aged under 18 in Peterborough in 2013.
- Approximately 650 hospital admissions occurred in 2013/14 among Peterborough residents due to intentional self-harm, compared to 570 in 2012/13; this admission rate continues to be statistically significantly high.
- Peterborough remained worse than the England average for hospital admissions as a result of alcohol-related harm in 2013/14, with approximately 1,200 hospital admissions in the year among Peterborough residents.
- The rate of emergency hospital admissions for hip fractures in older people in Peterborough worsened to being significantly higher than the England in 2013/14, having been similar to the England rate in previous years.
- The rate of violent crime (violence offences) remains significantly higher at 12.7 per 1,000 in Peterborough, compared to 11.1 per 1,000 in England. However, this rate has decreased in Peterborough since 2010/11 and at a faster rate than seen nationally.
- The prevalence of opiate and/or crack cocaine users in Peterborough fell in 2011/12 to 1,291 from 1,450 in 2010/11. However this remains worse than the England average.